Wednesday, July 20, 2016

Ukraine Sees Ulterior Motives After Car Bomb Kills Journalist

KIEV, Ukraine -- An award-winning journalist working for the online investigative website Ukrayinska Pravda was killed by a car bomb in central Kiev early on Wednesday morning, in what President Petro Poroshenko said was an attempt to destabilize Ukraine.

A police officer blocks off the site where journalist Pavel Sheremet was killed by a car bomb in central Kiev, Ukraine, July 20, 2016.

Pavel Sheremet, a Belarussian known for his criticism of his home country's leadership and his friendship with the slain Russian opposition leader Boris Nemtsov, was driving to work in the car of the website's owner when it was blown up.

The killing was a throwback to the days of violence against journalists that Ukraine, under a pro-Western leadership since the 2014 Maidan protests, hoped to have shed.

"It seems to me this was done with one aim in mind - to destabilize the situation in the country, possibly ahead of further events," Poroshenko said in televised comments.

He has asked experts from the U.S. Federal Bureau of Investigation to join the murder investigation in the interests of "maximum transparency."

Earlier, senior Interior Ministry officials said they could not rule out Russian involvement in the murder.


In Moscow, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said: "The murder of a Russian citizen and journalist in Ukraine is a very serious cause for concern in the Kremlin."

Sheremet, who was given Russian citizenship after fleeing political persecution in Belarus, had told Reuters in October that he no longer felt comfortable visiting Moscow, where he worked for twelve years as a TV journalist.

"I'm threatened often and given hints. Every time I go to Moscow, it's like I'm in a minefield," he said in an interview.

He also said Ukraine needed strong, independent media to counter the influence of outlets controlled by the country's powerful business tycoons.

"Now the problem of freedom of speech and objective journalism is becoming again a serious issue," he said.

"As far as internal politics is concerned, I can see oligarchic games again, black PR, the use of media to settle scores and solve political problems."

Sevgil Musayeva-Borovyk, the editor-in-chief of Ukrayinska Pravda, which has made its name exposing corruption, called him "very brave".

It was not clear whether the bomb had been set off by remote control or a timer.


Sheremet's friend Nemtsov, a vocal critic of the Kremlin, had been working on a report examining the Russian military's role in the Ukraine crisis when he was shot dead in central Moscow last year.

Sheremet led tributes at his memorial service.

"The last time we met was at the funeral of Boris Nemtsov, and of course I couldn't have known that a similar thing would happen to Pavel," Anatoly Lebedko, leader of the Belarussian opposition party United Civil Party, told Reuters.

In 2002, Sheremet won a journalism prize from the Organization for Security and Co‑operation in Europe (OSCE) for his reporting on human rights violations in Belarus, including the disappearances of opposition politicians and journalists.

The OSCE called on Wednesday for action to address the safety of journalists in Ukraine.

The founder of Ukrayinska Pravda, Georgiy Gongadze, was an investigative journalist who was murdered 16 years ago, his decapitated body discovered in a forest outside Kiev.

The incident helped to precipitate the Orange Revolution of 2004/05, which resulted in an election re-run and the victory of an opposition presidential candidate.

Source: Google News

Tuesday, July 12, 2016

In Russia And Ukraine, Women Are Still Blamed For Being Raped

KIEV, Ukraine -- I was scrolling through an online discussion where people were blaming a rape victim for what had happened to her, when I knew that I had to do something.

In cases like this in Ukraine, and throughout the post-Soviet world, people immediately start to question what the woman did wrong.

Maybe she was wearing a short skirt?

Maybe she was walking home too late?

Or maybe she was drunk?

The suggestion is that a woman is guilty simply because she is a woman.

I raised the issue on my Facebook page and shared my own experiences of sexual harassment – which started aged six and continued into adulthood – and the story quickly went viral as thousands of women started to add their stories.

The #IAmNotScaredToSpeak campaign (‪#‎яНеБоюсьСказати‬ in Ukrainian; #‎яНеБоюсьСказать in Russian‬) is against the treatment of women as sexual objects.

I wanted to show that women face harassment regardless of their age, clothing or what time they decide to walk home.

Why this hashtag? 

It’s empowering, it says that a woman shouldn’t feel fear or shame for the things that happen to her. 

For many it was the first time they had spoken out about their experiences, and as the campaign gathered traction last week I was concerned that some women might be forced to relive their trauma.

However, a specialist told me that people don’t share stories on social media unless they are ready to talk.

Their voices came as a shock for Russia and Ukraine, where domestic violence and sexual abuse are often taboo topics, and swept under the carpet.

‘Don’t wash your dirty linen in public’ 

In Russia and Ukraine people who have been raped find it very difficult to talk about it, due to the culture we live in.

We’ve developed a mentality of “don’t wash your dirty linen in public”, a situation which is harmful for women and men.

The objectification of women is also rife.

In this climate, how do we explain to little girls that they can say no, and that they have the right to their own boundaries.

And how do we teach boys that no means no and about the limits of acceptable behavior?

Some people have said that an online campaign won’t solve the problem, but I believe that starting a public discussion is a necessary to finding a solution.

It turns out that you can’t afford to share openly sexist views if you’re a public figure.

At first, the trend was positive with lots of people writing about their experiences.

By the third day, the negative reactions and criticisms were rising.

But however you look at it there was a discussion.

Everyone is talking about it.

Those who have openly ridiculed the campaign have been called to account: it turns out that you can no longer afford to share openly sexist views if you’re a public figure in Russia or Ukraine.

We need to recognise that every incident of sexual harassment, every individual’s story, is important.

Once people have seen the scale of the problem they can no longer turn a blind eye.

Source: The Guardian

NATO Backs A free Ukraine. Only France Is Out Of Step

WARSAW, Poland -- Russian aggression, radical Islamist terrorism, the refugee crisis, Brexit, Afghanistan.

Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko at the NATO summit in Warsaw, Poland, on July 9. Nolan Peterson reports that the NATO secretary-general said Russia must stop its “political, military and financial support for separatists” in eastern Ukraine.

The list of challenges NATO leaders faced at the biennial summit in Warsaw, Poland, over the weekend was diverse, highlighting what some consider to be a post–Cold War moment of truth for the alliance to prove it still matters.

Speaking to reporters Saturday, President Barack Obama addressed what he called a “pivotal moment” for NATO.

“In the 70 years of NATO, we have perhaps never faced so many challenges at once,” Obama said.

“We’re moving forward with the most significant reinforcement of our common defense at any time since the Cold War.”

NATO’s modern charge is tricky.

The alliance must reassure eastern members who are wary of Russian aggression while not antagonizing Russia into a back-and-forth of military one-upmanship.

Meanwhile, many NATO states, particularly those in Western Europe, are feeling the domestic political pinch of the combined threat of radical Islamist terrorism and a wave of refugees from war-torn Middle Eastern states.

This all comes as Europe deals with post-Brexit fallout and the rise of nationalist sentiment across the Continent, which collectively eats away at popular support for multinational institutions such as NATO, founded as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

“The Warsaw Summit comes at a defining moment in the history of our alliance,” NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said Friday.

“With unpredictable threats and complex challenges from many directions, NATO has responded. We have launched a wholesale reinforcement of our collective defense and deterrence. The biggest since the end of the Cold War.”

The two-day NATO summit was held at Warsaw’s national stadium.

Delegates and journalists from around the world filled the hallways, rubbing shoulders with world leaders and military officials.

Journalists jockeyed for position at press conferences, afterward scrambling to the sprawling media center to file dispatches.

The stadium was under security lockdown, and one could constantly hear the sounds of police sirens as the motorcades of world leaders arrived and departed.

The city was also on high alert.

Warsaw’s streets were unusually quiet, long stretches sealed off for security reasons.

Soldiers patrolled with weapons drawn.

Friday, the sky roared with the sound of jet noise as NATO warplanes performed flybys for visiting leaders.

Obama’s Saturday evening press conference drew by far the biggest audience.

The summit’s largest press briefing venue was filled to capacity, with journalists standing huddled along the walls, craning their necks for a better view of the U.S. president while under the watchful eyes of the Secret Service.

Obama was like a conductor before an orchestra—a cacophony of clicking camera shutters matched his every hand gesture as photojournalists hunted for the perfect shot.

Obama commented on the Dallas shootings before he segued into the importance of NATO and the legacy of America’s commitment to defend Europe.

“Generations of Americans have served here for our common security,” Obama said.

“In good times and in bad, Europe can count on the United States.”

Obama also addressed worldwide tides of anti-globalization sentiment, which many political watchers say was partly responsible for British voters choosing to leave the European Union.

“I believe the process of globalization is here to stay. It’s happening. It’s here,” Obama said.

He added: NATO is an example of a really enduring multilateral organization that helped us get through some really challenging times.

There are fewer wars between states than ever before, and almost no wars between great powers.

And that’s a great legacy of leadership in the U.S. and Europe and Asia after the end of World War II that built this international architecture that worked.

Since 2014, the Islamic State militant group (ISIS) has attacked six NATO countries—the United States, Canada, Denmark, France, Belgium and Turkey.

And plots have been thwarted in other NATO countries, including Germany and the United Kingdom. 

Yet despite the mounting threat, summit talks in Warsaw largely focused on responding to Russian aggression in Ukraine and the Russian threat to NATO’s eastern members.

“For sure, Russia is a bigger threat,” Luke Coffey, director of the Heritage Foundation’s foreign policy center, told The Daily Signal:

ISIS is a terror threat and does not pose an existential threat to any NATO member.

Whereas Russia invading Estonia could mean the end of the country—literally.

There has been, however, some breaking of ranks within NATO over Russia.

On Friday, French President François Hollande said: “NATO has no role at all to be saying what Europe’s relations with Russia should be. For France, Russia is not an adversary, not a threat.” 

Hollande added: Russia is a partner which, it is true, may sometimes, and we have seen that in Ukraine, use force, which we have condemned when it annexed Crimea.

Hollande’s statement contrasted with the language other NATO leaders used regarding Russia, including British Prime Minister David Cameron.

“The multinational spearhead force that we agreed to at the Wales summit [in September 2014] is now operational,” Cameron told reporters Saturday.

“It’s capable of deploying anywhere on alliance territory in just a few days. So it sends a strong, clear message to Russia that NATO stands ready to respond quickly to threats.”

Also calling out Russia, Obama said “there will be no business with Russia as usual” until the Kremlin fulfills its part of the Minsk II cease-fire accords in Ukraine.

The EU, NATO and the United Nations all have condemned Russia’s 2014 takeover of Ukraine’s Crimean peninsula as illegal.

NATO also continues to condemn the ongoing flow of Russian troops and military hardware into eastern Ukraine to support separatist forces.

This movement is a violation of the Minsk II cease-fire agreement, for which the EU maintains punitive economic sanctions against Moscow.

Russia’s actions in Ukraine, along with a pattern of aggressive flybys by Russian warplanes in the Baltic Sea region, have left NATO’s eastern flank rattled.

One of the summit’s key news items was the announcement that NATO will deploy four combat battalions to Poland, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania on a rotational basis beginning next year.

The battalions will be fielded by Canada, Germany, the United Kingdom and the United States.

This supplements a previously announced U.S. plan to deploy about 3,500 additional troops to Eastern Europe on a rotational basis.

Stoltenberg, the NATO secretary-general, said the alliance’s troop deployments will send a message that “an attack against one ally will be met by forces from across the alliance.”

“NATO is as strong, as nimble and as ready as ever,” Obama said Saturday.

“NATO is sending a clear message that we will defend every ally.”

The Kremlin pushed back against NATO’s planned troop deployment, calling the perceived threat from Russia “absurd.”

“It is absurd to talk about any threat coming from Russia at a time when dozens of people are dying in the center of Europe and when hundreds of people are dying in the Middle East daily,” Dmitry Peskov, press secretary to Russian President Vladimir Putin, told reporters Friday, according to Reuters. 

Responding to Peskov’s comments, Poland’s top diplomat, Witold Waszczykowski, told reporters in Warsaw on Friday:

An absurd situation would be if we forgot about the military actions against Georgia, and Ukraine in Crimea and Donbass, about Russia’s military engagement in Syria and about the incidents and provocations by Russian aircraft over the Baltic Sea.

The main driver of NATO’s eastward pivot, and some say the alliance’s renewed post–Cold War purpose, has been Russia’s aggression in Ukraine.

NATO’s 2014 summit in Wales came on the heels of Ukraine’s Maidan revolution and Russia’s annexation of the Crimean Peninsula.

Two years later, Crimea is still in Russian hands, and Russia still supports separatist conflict in eastern Ukraine in which people die on an almost daily basis.

“Two years on from Russia’s illegal actions in Ukraine, our message to Russia has not changed,” Cameron said Saturday.

“Such action is indefensible and wrong. And we will always stand up for the sovereign right of countries to make their own decisions.”

Russia’s actions have eroded the longtime assumption among European powers that the kind of state-on-state conflicts that ravaged Europe in the first half of the 20th century could never happen again. 

Reflecting this new reality is a push by some NATO leaders to increase military spending across the alliance.

Out of 28 member countries, only five—the United States, the United Kingdom, Estonia, Greece and Poland—currently spend 2 percent or more of their gross domestic product on defense, an obligation agreed to during the summit in Wales.

On Saturday, Obama pushed alliance members that are not hitting the 2 percent mark to beef up their defense budgets, saying:

After many years, NATO has stopped the collective decline in defense spending.

Over the past two years, most NATO members have halted cuts and begun investing more in defense.

And this means defense spending across the alliance is now scheduled to increase.

Ukraine is not a NATO member state, but a partner country to the alliance.

NATO members therefore are not obligated to defend Ukraine militarily.

Yet NATO has taken other steps to support Ukraine.

In Warsaw, NATO leaders met with Ukrainian President Petro Poroshenko to outline a comprehensive assistance package to help Ukraine make key political reforms and modernize its military to meet NATO interoperability standards.

The package also tags funds to help Ukraine counter the threat of improvised explosive devices on the battlefield, bolster its cybersecurity and rehabilitate wounded soldiers.

During a joint press conference Saturday with Stoltenberg, Poroshenko called NATO’s support for Ukraine a “de facto alliance.”

The Ukrainian president pointed to the historical significance of NATO’s holding its biennial summit in Warsaw 61 years after the creation of the Warsaw Pact, the collective defense treaty the USSR and Soviet satellite states signed in the Polish capital in 1955.

“It is our common responsibility to change Russia’s aggressive behavior,” Poroshenko said.

“We are grateful that NATO stands by Ukraine.”

Stoltenberg said Russia must stop its “political, military and financial support for separatists” in eastern Ukraine.

Stoltenberg made clear, however, that the question of Ukraine joining NATO as a full member was “not currently on the table,” and the alliance would address the issue of membership at a later stage. 

Stoltenberg added a thinly veiled warning against any Russian efforts to derail Ukraine’s budding NATO ties.

“Every nation has the right to decide its own path,” the NATO leader said.

“No one else has the right to intervene.”

Source: Newsweek

Saturday, July 02, 2016

Obama Slams Russian Aggression Against Ukraine In Historic Speech In Canadian Parliament

OTTAWA, Canada -- Outgoing US President uses his address to Canada to send NATO solidarity message.

President Barack Obama addresses the Canadian Parliament in the House of Commons in Ottawa on Wednesday, June 29, 2016.

In a historic speech in Canadian parliament US President Barack Obama has once again called Russia an aggressor state, and called on the allies to send a strong message of solidarity and commitment at the next week's NATO summit in Warsaw.

"When nations violate international rules and norms, such as Russia's aggression against Ukraine, the United States and Canada stand united, along with our allies in defence of our collective security," Obama said to Canadian lawmakers.

Obama, the first in more than 21 years US chief executive to speak in Canada's parliament, urged Canada to "contribute its full share" to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization:

"And as your ally and as your friend, let me say that we'll be more secure when every NATO member, including Canada, contributes its full share to our common security," Obama said.

"Because the Canadian Armed Forces are really good," he added.

"If I can borrow a phrase, the world needs more Canada. NATO needs more Canada. We need you. We need you."

A day after US President's remarks Canadian media reported that Ottawa will deploy 1,000 soldiers in Latvia.

The Canadian troops will join a total of 4,000 soldiers NATO is deploying to the Baltic states and Poland to help deter the Kremlin's threat after its actions in Crimea and eastern Ukraine.

Source: UAtoday

Evidence Of Military Aggression Against Ukraine Easily Found On Russia's Presidential Website – Turchynov

KIEV, Ukraine -- Ukraine's National Security and Defence chief says Putin awarded generals for 'military successes' in Donbass.

Turchynov reminded that on June 11 Putin signed a decree to award and advance in ranks a number of Russian servicemen "for committing crimes in the eastern regions of Ukraine."

One does not have to travel far to seek more evidence of Russia's military activities in Ukraine, it is enough to visit the official web site of Russia's presidential administration.

This is how the head of Ukraine's National Security and Defence Council (NSDC) Oleksandr Turchynov commented on the recent statement made by President Vladimir Putin on the "internal nature" of Ukraine conflict.

Turchynov reminded that on June 11 Putin signed a decree to award and advance in ranks a number of Russian servicemen "for committing crimes in the eastern regions of Ukraine."

According to Turchynov, Major General Asapov, who commanded the 1st army corps in the occupied Donetsk region between April 2015 and May 2016, has been promoted to Lieutenant General.

The same military rank of Lieutenant General was given to Major General Yudin, who commanded the 2nd army corps in the occupied Luhansk region between January and April 2015.

Colonel Ruzinsky, who commanded 2nd separate motorized rifle brigade (Luhansk city) of the 2nd army corps between April 2015 and May 2016, has been promoted to Major General.

"These two army corps that wage the war against us in the east of Ukraine, are an integral part of Russia's Armed Forces, and are commanded directly by the Center of territorial troops of the Southern Military District of the Russian Federation," Turchynov noted.

"There is no internal conflict in Ukraine, but there is a brutal undeclared war that is waged against our independent democratic country by the Russian Federation.

Only Russian TV viewers, brainwashed by the Kremlin propaganda, can believe Putin's lies," the NSDC secretary summed up.

Source: UAtoday